Columbia Imagined Implementation Report Card

Report progress on one or more implementation actions

Livable & Sustainable Communities

PolicyStrategyAction (click hyperlink to view more)
Policy 1: Support diverse and inclusive housing options
Strategy: Encourage universal design and practices for aging in place

Create codes that allow for accessory dwelling units

Create zoning that encourages a variety of housing options and services

Create codes that allow for multi-generational housing

Encourage universal design standards in residential building codes to ensure new housing stock meets the needs of all residents

Strategy: Promote construction of affordable housing

Require a mixture of housing types and price ranges within new subdivisions to provide options for integration of affordable housing and non-traditional family units (singles, one parent households, etc.)

Follow the recommendations of the Affordable Housing Policy Committee report

Incentivize creating a percentage of owner-occupied and rental dwelling units in new residential developments to meet affordable housing standards

Strategy: Promote home ownership and affordable housing options, and encourage integrated residential densification via flexibility and dwelling unit options

Amend zoning code to allow zero lot line setbacks and narrower lot width standards in the R-2 district to accommodate single-family attached dwelling options (as opposed to duplexes, which necessitate rental vs. owner-occupied housing)

Amend zoning regulations to Introduce a cottage-style small-lot residential zoning district to accommodate single-family detached housing options that may be more affordable due to smaller lot and home sizes

Amend zoning regulations to allow accessory dwelling units in the R-2 zoning district

Policy 2 Support mixed-use
Strategy: Establish neighborhood scale commercial and service nodes

Neighborhood plans should address desired locations and types of potential new businesses

Use planning tools and decision making to locate smaller-scale commercial and service businesses adjacent to neighborhoods

Strategy: Adopt form-based zoning

Use Metro 2020 Land Use District Design Guidelines as a basis for developing and applying form-based zoning

Strategy: Identify service gaps and support zoning and development decisions to provide walkable local commercial service & employment nodes

Build on Metro 2020 guidelines to make land use compatibility decisions, and to determine when separation vs. integration of land uses is appropriate

Incentivize mixed and desired/needed uses in key locations (zones and nodes)

Policy 3: Facilitate neighborhood planning
Strategy: Facilitate the creation of neighborhood land use plans ahead of development/ redevelopment pressure

The City should work with neighborhoods to develop a planning process, then develop plans for 2-5 neighborhoods/year

Work with CPS to identify appropriate school sites based on growth projections, and coordinate zoning and capital improvement projects to support these sites.

Develop local incentives to encourage/support historic preservation and mixed-use planning in neighborhoods

Work with HPC to prepare a Historic Preservation Plan, which surveys areas of historical significance and develops strategies for their preservation

Policy 4: Promote community safety
Strategy: Identify opportunities to promote community safety through design, community policing and promotion, the siting of public safety facilities, and access to community resources

Increase access to community services and resources and promote neighborhood-based solutions to public safety

Facilitate public safety facility and technology placement using population projections and growth management

Support defensible neighborhoods through programs such as the Crime Free Housing, Neighborhood Watch, targeted code enforcement and property maintenance assistance programs

Encourage CPTED (Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design) principles in subdivision and zoning codes

Land Use and Growth Management

PolicyStrategyAction (click hyperlink to view more)
Policy 1: Plan for fiscally sustainable growth
Strategy: New development will pay a fair allocation of infrastructure costs

Consider the recommendations of the Infrastructure Task Force as they relate to the costs and cost-sharing of infrastructure

Develop a scorecard system for new development proposals (similar to Boone County’s), which objectively assesses the appropriateness of new development based on short and long-term infrastructure costs and burdens on public infrastructure and services

Revise development standards to establish a fair allocation of funds for off-site improvements needed to support the impacts and needs of their development projects

Strategy: Give funding priority to the maintenance of existing public infrastructure and services

Size replacement infrastructure to meet increased demands from higher-density development

Improve downtown infrastructure – sewers, storm water facilities and alleys

Replace and repair aging infrastructure in older neighborhoods

Policy 2: Establish an Urban Service Area
Strategy: Limit or discourage growth beyond the established area

Establish standards with which to assess existing and/or needed infrastructure improvements for developments during review processes

Coordinate adoption of similar City and County sufficiency-of-services provisions

Establish development review criteria that will utilize Capital Improvement Program Plan programming for infrastructure upgrades and installation

Use watershed boundaries/future land use map as guides for sewer, facilities build out

Strategy: Modify urban service area as necessary to support value added growth

Conduct periodic review and potential adjustment of the urban service area in light of development trends and existing infrastructure maintenance needs

Develop criteria to determine the capacity of the urban service area and the benefits of expanded development territories

Strategy: Identify potential changes to City annexation policy to promote compact and contiguous growth

Explore additional territorial agreements between the sewer utility and the Boone County Regional Sewer District

Investigate opportunities to provide public sewer service on properties with failing on-site facilities

Consider revising, relaxing or eliminating the annexation requirement where city sewer service extensions are needed for public health reasons but do not serve compact and contiguous growth patterns

Policy 3: Prioritize infill development
Strategy: Incentivize infill

Explore opportunities to make infill projects more attractive to developers, including regulatory and financial incentives

Strategy: Remove incentives that favor suburban sprawl

Stop spending taxpayer dollars to fund infrastructure extensions that serve only new suburban residential development

Strategy: Develop specific development guidelines and standards that address common concerns related to impacts of infill development, particularly in relation to existing residential neighborhoods

Engage stakeholder groups in an update to standards for transitions between incompatible land uses such as commercial and residential

Promote neighborhood-level land use planning to guide infill development

Policy 4: Recognize regional opportunities to address growth management
Strategy: Review new and existing intergovernmental agreements

Periodically review and modify service territories/agreements/policies to reflect development trends

Conduct efficiency analyses of existing cooperative agreements

Strategy: Acknowledge the impact of school siting on growth and development within and adjacent to the urban service area

Encourage CPS budgeting practices that will permit cost sharing for necessary infrastructure with the City and County

Collaborate with Columbia Public Schools and Boone County to identify potential school sites based on projected growth and infrastructure

Environmental Management

PolicyStrategyAction (click hyperlink to view more)
Policy 1: Adopt alternative development regulations
Strategy: Adopt a conservation zoning district

Establish a zoning district to delineate regulated natural preservation areas where disruption of natural landscape features is minimized and a connected, uninterrupted network of streams, parks, trails, and wildlife corridors (i.e. green infrastructure) is maximized

Policy 2: Prepare a “green infrastructure” plan
Strategy: Acknowledge opportunities for environmental preservation and enhancement within the City

Prepare an urban forestry plan

Create and implement a plan governing preservation, restoration, and linkage of existing natural areas, identify habitat requirements for indigenous plants and animals, and provide guidelines for future development

Strategy: Preserve environmentally sensitive areas

Maintain and preserve open space along major stream corridors, specifically including floodplains; this may be by private action or public acquisition

Policy 3: Implement agricultural land preservation techniques
Strategy: Encourage preservation of sensitive natural areas and prime agricultural land

Create a TDR and/or PDR program, with areas sending their development rights to receiving areas that are permitted to build with increased densities to protect environmentally sensitive areas such as forested lands, steep slopes, and riparian corridors and buffers

Establish policies to maintain existing farmland for future use through mechanisms such as the purchase of development rights (PDR) or transfer of development rights (TDR)

Establish zoning protections designed to preserve the current agricultural uses in these areas

Policy 4: Coordinate land disturbance and development permits
Strategy: Strengthen land disturbance regulations

Strengthen tree preservation regulations; enhance policies regarding the percentage of climax forest and tree preservation required for lots or developments, revamp City regulations to consider developments as a whole instead of individual lots, and encourage cross-development preservation in support of the green infrastructure concept

Create City steep slopes ordinance to discourage excessive cut and fill, which results in “table-topping” of sites, loss of natural landscape features

Policy 5: Enhance tree preservation standards and invasive species management
Strategy: Encourage land preservation

Reduce ambiguities in the subdivision and zoning codes by refining language to be more specific in its intent and implementation; encourage preservation of usable/accessible open space in planned unit developments (PUDs

Strategy: Implement conservation subdivision standards

Establish policies in City and County code encouraging the preservation of common open space in subdivisions through the adoption of conservation (cluster) subdivision standards

Mobility, Connectivity, and Accessibility

PolicyStrategyAction (click hyperlink to view more)
Policy 1: Accommodate non-motorized transportation
Strategy: Encourage interconnectivity between neighborhoods, commercial districts, and employment centers using non-motorized transportation networks

Enforce the ordinance that requires landowners to maintain public sidewalks adjacent to their properties

Prioritize greenway trail projects that connect neighborhoods to commercial and employment centers

Policy 2: Improve transit service
Strategy: Support and promote the public transportation system

Encourage compact development near transit corridors and commercial hubs to support transit feasibility

Pursue new technologies and efficiencies to enhance the system

Connect bus routes with trails and greenways

Strategy: Expand the existing transit system to meet ridership needs

Explore diversification of funding sources

Evaluate different route designs and models

Evaluate the existing transit system and opportunities for system improvements based upon ridership surveys

Strategy: Support and promote affordable and efficient air travel into and out of Columbia Regional Airport

Recruit nearby communities to support Columbia Regional Airport

Policy 3: Promote a mobility management public transportation system
Strategy: Promote public transportation system expansion with regional considerations

Focus on developing a transit system between Columbia, the Columbia Regional Airport, Jefferson City, and the Jefferson City Amtrak Station

Strategy: Identify funding to support regional transit development and create partnerships between regional stakeholders to produce an integrated transportation system

Coordinate with MU, Columbia College, Stephens College, social service agencies, major employment centers, and Boone County to support regional transit development

Economic Development (includes Inter-Governmental Cooperation)

PolicyStrategyAction (click hyperlink to view more)
Policy 1: Foster opportunities for economic growth partnerships
Strategy: Promote cooperation within the multi -jurisdictional political system to minimize cost, maximize efficiency, and ensure adequate support of community services that support all citizens

Coordinate student housing needs with MU

Coordinate public transit service with MU

Coordinate with CPS to prepare for education system demands resulting from population growth

Coordinate with CPS to select future school sites

Policy 2: Promote Columbia’s strengths and address its weaknesses
Strategy: The City’s planning and development processes will be transparent and predictable so that developers and residents understand review criteria

Audit existing processes and modify as necessary to facilitate early engagement, informed citizens, and meaningful stakeholder involvement in development matters

Strategy: Connect Columbia to the world by the most reliable and most equitable communications technologies

Pursue grants that bridge the digital divide

Work with communications providers to install the best wireless and fiber networks and emerging technologies

Policy 3: Promote high quality job-producing developments
Strategy: Recruit clean industry to Columbia

Identify funding sources and partnerships for development of new facilities and expanded programs

Strategy: Support local entrepreneurial ventures

Evaluate tax incentives for entrepreneurial/small businesses