Columbia Police Department Internal Affairs Unit:
2012 Annual Report
The Columbia Police Department has finalized the 2012 year-end report from the Internal Affairs Unit. It will be posted on their website at www.gocolumbiamo.com.
During 2012, Columbia police officers were dispatched to 72846 calls for service in the City of Columbia. In addition, officers self-initiated 83602 calls/incidents, for a total of 156448 citizen contacts. CPD officers made 3887 in-custody arrests.
Citizen contacts: 156448 In-custody arrests: 3887
The Columbia Police Department has established the following categories with regards to the Use of Force:
Balance Displacement Drawing/Exhibiting Firearms Handcuffing (without resulting in formal arrest) Impact Weapon (Baton) Impact Weapon (Other) Joint Manipulation Other Physical Force Pepper Spray Pressure Point Techniques Strikes
Taser® Firearms Usage Canine Apprehension Canine Bite Chemical Gas (OC/CN/CS) Kinetic Energy Impact Device Horse Action/Movement
Officers used some degree of force during 438 incidents (0.0028% of all citizen contacts) during 2012. During those incidents, some degree of force was used against 562 subjects. Some of the incidents involved multiple subjects; some involved an officer attempting/using multiple types of force and/or multiple officers attempting/using some type of force. Note: a single incident with a particular arrestee can result in multiple reviews, because each individual use of force is reviewed.
The following represents the total number of uses of force by category:
Officers used balance displacement on 200 occasions.
Officers drew/exhibited their firearms on 285 occasions.
Officers handcuffed subjects on 216 occasions (without resulting in formal arrest).
Officers used joint manipulation on 129 occasions.
Officers used other physical force on 72 occasions (any force used that did not fall into one of the other categories).
Officers used pepper spray on 17 occasions.
Officers used pressure point techniques on 23 occasions.
Officers used strikes on 15 occasions.
Officers used canine apprehension on (1) one occasion.
Officers utilized their Tasers® on 21 occasions*:
o 19 consisted of laser display only
o (1) one consisted of Taser® display only
o (1) one projectile deployment
* The Taser® was only deployed (projectile deployment and/or drive stuns) against a subject on (1) one occasion.
Officers did not employ force using any of the following categories: horse action/movement, impact weapon (baton or other), chemical gas, canine bite, and/or Kinetic Energy Device.
During 2012 of the 438 Use of Force incidents, 436 were determined proper and (2) two incidents are still pending.
During 2012, of the 438 Use of Force incidents, there were 38 reported injuries of subjects as a result of force used by officers (0.087% of all UOF incidents).
Of the 438 Use of Force incidents 32 officers were injured in conjunction with Use of Force (0.073% of all UOF incidents)
Officers used their firearms on 24 occasions for the dispatch of injured animals.
Columbia Police initiated 12 vehicle pursuits in 2012.
During 2012, Columbia Police officers received 60 compliments from external sources.
Of the 156448 citizen contacts, the Columbia Police Department received 104 complaints/concerns from external sources. Only 40 (external complaints) of those met the standards of City Ordinance 21-51 (approximately 0.00025% of all citizen contacts).
Of the 40 external complaints, the following findings were made:
Pending 3 Exonerated 14 Not Sustained 3 Unfounded 9 Withdrawn 5 Sustained 4 No Findings 2
Total # External Complaints 40
Of the 64 external concerns, the following findings were made:
Pending 1 Exonerated 2 Not Sustained 3 Unfounded 12 Withdrawn 12 Sustained 3 No Findings 0 No Misconduct Alleged 30 Duplicate concern 1
Total # External Concerns 64
1) Unfounded - Where the act or acts complained of DID NOT occur or were misconstrued.
2) Exonerated - Where the acts which provide the basis for the complaint occurred but the investigation shows the acts to be justified, lawful, and proper.
3) Not Sustained - Where there is a failure to disclose sufficient facts to prove or disprove the act or acts complained of.
4) Sustained - Where there are sufficient facts to prove the allegations made.